Three scientists won the Nobel Prize in physics Tuesday, for contribution in findings about climate change which explain and predict complex forces of nature. Syukuro Manabe, originally from Japan, and Klaus Hasselmann of Germany were cited for their work in developing forecast models of Earth’s climate and “reliably predicting global warming.” The judges said Manabe, 90, and Hasselmann, 89, “laid the foundation of our knowledge of the Earth’s climate and how human actions influence it.” Manabe created the first climate models that forecast what would happen as carbon dioxide built up in the atmosphere. Hasselmann, of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology in Hamburg, Germany, helped explain why climate models can be reliable despite the seemingly chaotic nature of the weather. The third winner of the Nobel prize was Giorgio Parisi of Italy for explained disorder in physical systems, ranging from those as small as the insides of atoms to the planet-sized. His research also apply in mathematics, biology, neuroscience and machine learning.
The prize comes less than four weeks before the start of high-level climate negotiations in Glasgow, Scotland, where world leaders will be asked to ramp up their commitments to curb global warming. The award comes with a gold medal and 10 million Swedish kronor (over $1.14 million).