Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law on Friday ratifying the extension of New START, a key arms control treaty with the United States for five years until February 5, 2026. Under the Trump administration in 2019 the US pulled out of a separate nuclear arms control agreement with Russia, the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty. Putin and US President Joe Biden spoke on the phone on Tuesday expressing “satisfaction” over the exchange of diplomatic notes between both countries on extending the treaty.
The treaty limits the number of strategic offensive weapons both countries can have to no more than 700 deployed intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs) and heavy bombers; no more than 1,550 warheads on deployed ICBMs, deployed SLBMs and heavy bombers for nuclear armaments; and a total of 800 deployed and non-deployed ICBM launchers, SLBM launchers, and heavy bombers. It also envisions a rigorous inspection regime to verify compliance. The Russian lower house of Parliament, the Duma, on Wednesday ratified the treaty.