“We are here to shape a different future. I urge you to (…) find better long-term solutions for refugees and displaced people based on (a) more equal sharing of responsibilities,” the U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said in an address at the start of the conference.
President Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey accused the West of doing little to help Syrians. “There are tendencies in the international community to avoid responsibility,” he said. Erdogan also criticized the U.N. Security Council, saying it should have more than five permanent members – the United States, Britain, France, Russia and China. 57 heads of state or government are expected to participate in the summit’s talk. Russian President Vladimir Putin has declined an invitation. He also criticized the summit’s idea saying that envisioned reforms would diminish the role of governments. By spending a bigger share of its gross domestic product (GDP) on humanitarian aid than any other, Turkey is the world’s most generous country now.
The summit includes briefings, seminars, workshops and panel discussions, even musical performances, storytelling sessions and photography exhibitions.