They’ll also be building some surface-level structures like electrical and ventilation buildings, a structure to house compressors, access to a sub-surface shaft and a cooling tower. The power lines and machine protection that shields the instruments against potential damage from stray particles will also be upgraded. A cavern, a gallery and service galleries will be built as well underground. More collisions mean more observations of rare phenomena and more chances for discovery. Currently, the particle accelerator can produce up to one billion proton-proton collisions, but that number will be increased significantly once the upgrades are in place, later by 2026.
Large Hadron Collider’s upgrade began
Researchers will collect approximately 10 times more data than they can now. The improved structure will be known as the High-Luminosity LHC, luminosity being a term that refers to the number of collisions in a given period of time. Researchers are hoping the multi-million pound revamp will reveal further information about the beginnings of the universe. Scientists hope to produce four times more “God particles” a year and unlock further secrets about the universe’s existence. They say that the LHC, which had a difficult beginning, is running “swimmingly.” CERN Director-General Fabiola Gianotti says researchers are just at the start of the journey.