Climate scientist James Lovelock has died aged 103

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The climate , creator of the Gaia hypothesis, one of the UK’s most-respected independent scientists has died on his 103rd birthday on Tuesday evening in Dorset. He had been in good health until six months ago, when he had a bad fall. His Gaia hypothesis daid that life on Earth is a self-regulating community of organisms interacting with each other and their surroundings. He also predicted two years ago that the biosphere was in the last 1% of its life. Lovelock spent his life advocating for climate measures, starting decades before many others started to take notice of the crisis. He warned humanity of the incoming climate catastrophe. In the 2006 book The Revenge of Gaia, he argues that the lack of respect humans have had for Gaia, through the damage done to rainforests and the reduction in planetary biodiversity, is testing Gaia’s capacity to minimize the effects of the addition of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

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In the 2000s, he proposed a method of climate engineering to restore carbon dioxide–consuming algae. He authored several environmental science books. A lifelong inventor, Lovelock created and developed many scientific instruments, some of which were designed for NASA in its planetary exploration program. He has invented a family of ionisation detectors for gas chromatography. His electron capture detectors are the most sensitive that have been made and are universally used on pollution problems for residual halogen compounds. Lovelock , a real scientific pioneer,was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1974. Lovelock was the first to detect the widespread presence of CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons) in the atmosphere. He announced and sustained his support for nuclear energy.