Denmark parliament approved giant artificial island off Copenhagen project. The construction of the giant island, named Lynetteholm, 1 sq mile (2.6 sq km) surface, across the entrance to Copenhagen harbour , will begin later this year. The majority of the foundations for the island off Denmark’s capital should be in place by 2035, with an aim to fully complete the project by 2070. Plans include a dam system around its perimeter, with the aim of protecting the harbour from rising sea levels and storm surges. Building the artificial island, the size of about 400 football pitches, would require some 80 million tonnes of soil to be delivered to the area to create the peninsula alone. The project is the largest in Copenhagen’s history and one of the largest infrastructure projects in Danish history. The construction of the island will incorporate major engineering work for what is now considered to be crucial infrastructure for the city so work will include a major new road tunnel to bring traffic from the north under the harbour from Nordhavn to the east side of Amager and on down – to the airport and the bridge to Sweden – and the Metro could be extended from Nordhavn and the new terminal for cruise ships to, again, go under the entrance to the harbour and run down to connect to the existing line. It can be an opportunity to provide large new parks and foreshore with a careful balance between providing a resource for people in the city and providing new habitat to bring bring nature into the city.
One criticism has been that the cost of constructing the island would mean that all the housing would have to be expensive – so exclusive. A big pressure however comes from ecological groups. Protesters gathered outside the parliament building in Copenhagen as the bill passed on Friday with a majority of 85 in favour and 12 against. Environmentalists have concerns over the impact of its construction. A case against the development of Lynetteholm has been brought before the European Court of Justice by environmental groups. Concerns include the transportation of materials by road involving large numbers of vehicles. One environmental assessment suggested that up to 350 lorry journeys a day through Copenhagen would be required to deliver the raw materials once construction had begun.