Tens of thousands of Afghan migrants were allowed into Germany among the wave of asylum seekers that reached Europe via the Mediterranean in 2015. In 2016, Afghans were the second biggest group of asylum-seekers in Germany after Syrians. However Germany attempted to distinguish between refugees from conflict zones and so-called economic migrants who come to Europe in search of a higher standard of living. Most of the Afghan repatriations from Germany have been voluntary, with Merkel’s government offering financial incentives to Afghans whose asylum claims were rejected and who agree to return to Kabul. more of the 12,000 Afghans living in Germany will be deported back. The next deportation flight is planned for January. The measure was agreed as part of a deal with the Afghan government in October.