Forecasting capability to predict earthquakes will be improved as technology develops, experts believe. Important step in this direction was made in China.
The China Earthquake Administration pledged to enhance its earthquake detection capability as it rolls out an experimental project in the country's tremor-plagued southwestern region. Considering our limited knowledge about earthquakes, the forecasting work has to be based on observation. Currently, 13 countries have been involved in the project, including Russia, Egypt and Algeria, and 17 domestic research teams, including one from University of Science and Technology of China.
"We will also explore carrying out observational experiments in wells from hundred of meters to 1,000 meters deep, and through scientific drilling that will penetrate active earthquake faults to gain more information about underground structures," Zheng Guoguang, vice-minister of emergency management and head of the administration, told at a news conference on Friday. China is the only country that lists forecasting earthquakes as a government responsibility. The administration has established over 360 new monitoring stations in the China Seismic Experimental Site, which spans Sichuan and Yunnan provinces, since construction of the project was launched about one year ago. The country has established a research institute to accelerate the development of new apparatuses for underground detection that could reduce interference from human activity.