Deadly Marburg virus outbreak in Ghana

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A mass outbreak of Marburg virus is feared in Ghana, after two people have died and other 98 have been quarantined. It’s about a highly infectious disease. It causes fever, muscle pains, diarrhea, vomiting and extreme blood loss. The virus is one from Ebola virus family and was first identified in 1967. At that time, infections were found in Germany, Serbia. Since, it was detected in several African countries: Kenya, South Africa, Uganda, Zimbabwe, the Democratic Republic of Congo. It was also traced to African green monkeys imported from Uganda. An important finding is to know it is spread mostly by people who have spent long periods in caves and mines populated by bats. Pigs can also carry it. More than 300 people were killed by this virus in Angola in 2005.

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The ilness begins abruptly. Some people go on to bleed from various parts of the body and die eight to nine days .On average, the virus kills half those infected, the WHO says, but fatality rates can reach nearly 90 percent. Among humans, the Marburg virus spreads through bodily fluids and bedding contaminated with them. At this timethere is no specific vaccine or treatments for the virus. The WHO has sent specialists and resources to Ghana to help with this outbreak. An outbreak of the deadly Marburg virus in Guinea is officially over less than six weeks since West Africa’s first ever case of the disease was detected.