“The anti-doping system in Russia is broken, corrupted and entirely compromised. The Russian Paralympic Committee are unable to ensure compliance with and enforcement of the IPC anti-doping code and the world anti-doping code within their own national jurisdiction and they can not fulfil its fundamental obligation as an IPC member,” said IPC president Sir Philip Craven at a news conference on Sunday. “Tragically this situation is not about athletes cheating a system, but about a state-run system that is cheating the athletes. The doping culture that is polluting Russian sport stems from the Russian government, Sir Craven added. US Anti-Doping Agency chief executive Travis Tygart said the IPC’s decision was “inspiring”. The British Paralympic Association said the IPC had taken a bold decision and congratulated it for taking a “clear stand”. The Russian Paralympic Committee is to appeal against the decision to the Court of Arbitration for Sport.