Ice may be exposed at hundreds of locations on the surface of the moon. It’s located in coldest parts of its polar regions. At the southern pole, most of the ice is concentrated at lunar craters, while the northern pole’s ice is more widely spread. Most of the newfound water ice lies in the shadows of craters near the poles, where the warmest temperatures never reach above minus 250 degrees Fahrenheit. Sunlight never reaches these regions. Water would possibly be accessible as a resource for future expeditions to explore and even stay on the Moon, and potentially easier to access than the water detected beneath the Moon’s surface.
We need to send rovers into craters to find out how wide and deep the ice deposits go. Water can be split into its atoms, hydrogen and oxygen, which could make a fuel for rocket engines that could power a new era of space exploration.It is also necessary for astronauts to drink. Extracting ice from the moon would be a first step in building a space economy. Mining the moon makes a lot more sense if it has accessible water deposits.