Mars is targeted by scientists; three space missions will study the Red Planet

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Knowing more things about Mars became a target for scientists. UAE’s Hope probe entered orbit around Red Planet. The spacecraft launched July 19, 2020, atop a Japanese H-IIA rocket, then spent seven months trekking to the Red Planet. “This has been a remarkable journey of humanity,” UAE Space Agency chairperson Sarah Al Amiri said during preparations for the orbital insertion maneuver. The UAE becomes the fifth entity to reach the Red Planet, joining NASA, the Soviet Union, the European Space Agency and India. Mars orbit insertion was a critical step that, for Hope, required a 27-minute burn of its six thrusters. Mission personnel plan to relocate the spacecraft to its science orbit in May. The Hope spacecraft carries three instruments that will allow scientists to study the weather near the surface of Mars, the connections between different layers of the atmosphere and how Mars loses atmosphere to space. Hope’s Mars orbit insertion was the first of three Red Planet arrivals this month. Today, February 10, China’s Tianwen-1 mission made the same maneuver entering the orbit of Mars.The mission’s rover will attempt to land on Mars in May. NASA’s Perseverance rover will attempt to land near Jezero Crater on Feb. 18. All three scientific missions will contribute to collect important data about Mars preparing a human trip in the future.