NASA’s project to land humans on Mars was scheduled by 2030 but before new technologies to sustain life during a very long space voyage must be discovered. As an example, a system can be created to turn breath (which contains carbon dioxide) into lipids using algae. “A particular strain of yeast can be genetically manipulated to create polymers, or plastics, used for 3D printing, as well as Omega 3s, which lower heart disease risk, and protect skin and hair,” Mark Blenner, professor at Clemson revealed in a report. Ideas for more efficient solar panels and better thermal protection for ships entering atmospheres are expected to be received too. Other seven similar grants are given to some universities around the US to solve high-priority needs of America’s space program.