Dubai is confronting with high temperatures (summer temperatures routinely surpass 120 degrees) and the United Arab Emirates asked scientists to found solutions to bring increased rainfall to the desert country. The nation naturally only gets 100mm of rain a year. In 2017 as an example, the UAE invested a total of $15 million across nine projects hoping to increase rainfall.A solution provided results: the cloud seeding operation, which uses electrical charges to prompt rainfall. The drones release an electrical charge into clouds, prompting them to coalesce and create rain. No chemicals are used. The drones were designed by scientists at the University of Reading, in the UK, according to reports. Beginning of 2021, the NCM has conducted 126 instances of cloud seeding. Research into cloud seeding dates back to the 1940s. The UAE cloud-seeding program started in the 1990s.
“The global water shortage is worsening in many parts of the world, so the demand for fresh water is increasing,” said Linda Zou, a professor at the UAE’s Khalifa University of Science and Technology. However, cloud seeding may be beneficial but it will not address the root causes of the drought. At least eight states in the U.S. are involved too in current cloud seeding operations, but using iodine, with the majority of the work taking place in Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming. Also participating are Nevada, California, New Mexico, and Arizona.