It’s known that other species of humans once roamed across Earth. Excavations in Callao Cave have unearthed seven teeth, two hand bones, one thigh bone and two more foot bones, which altogether came from at least two adults and one child. They lived at least 50,000 to 67,000 years ago, during the Late Pleistocene epoch. „To find a new species — this is a very rare event,” said study lead author Florent Détroit, a paleoanthropologist at France’s National Museum of Natural History in Paris.
Homo luzonensis had extraordinarily small adult molars , “they’re close to half the size of common adult modern human molars.” The finger and toe bones are curved, suggesting they were good for climbing. If it took rare luck for ancient hominins to reach these islands, it might help explain why these island hominins looked so different from other human species. It remains uncertain who the ancestors of Homo luzonensis were. “This new discovery made me thrilled,” said Yousuke Kaifu, a paleoanthropologist at Tokyo’s National Museum of Nature and Science who was not part of the new study “It further highlights remarkable diversity of archaic (primitive) hominins once present in Asia, in a way beyond my expectation.”