Egyptian scientists were able to use non-invasive, three-dimensional computerized tomography (CT) scanning to reveal the secrets of the 3,500 year old mummy of Amenhotep I, the ruler of Egypt from 1525 to 1504 B.C. It is especially significant because the mummy was one of the few found in the last few centuries not yet opened. The mummy was discovered in 1881 in the ancient city of Thebes (Luxor) located on the east bank of the Nile River in southern Egypt. The mummy has a face mask with eyes inlaid with black pupils made of obsidian crystals. Unlike the majority of mummies, in which brains are removed, scientists discovered the brain intact. The images suggest Amenhotep I was not suffering from any diseases or injuries that might have caused his death, which the study says happened when he was 35.Thirty amulets, including some made from gold, as well as 34 gold beads were found in the mummy.
“By digitally unwrapping of the mummy and ‘peeling off’ its virtual layers – the facemask, the bandages, and the mummy itself – we could study this well-preserved pharaoh in unprecedented detail,” famed Egyptologist Zahi Hawass, who have studied more than 40 mummies, said.