Two researchers at Ruhr-Universität Bochum have come up with a new theory of consciousness. The new concept describes consciousness as a state that is tied to complex cognitive operations, as they described in the journal Behavioural Brain Research. Most interesting, Professor Armin Zlomuzica from the Behavioral and Clinical Neuroscience research group at RUB and Professor Ekrem Dere, formerly at Université Paris-Sorbonne affirm their finding can be tested in experimental studies „even in the context of artificial intelligence.” The new theory examines complex cognitive operations as perceptions, emotions, sensations, memories, imaginations and associations and concludes that they are at the basis for adaptive and flexible behavior that enables humans and animals to adapt to new environmental conditions, as an example.
The next level to make possible the consciousness is the interaction of different neuronal networks. In other words, electromagnetic energy in the brain enables brain matter to create our consciousness. “To what extent an artificial intelligence which is capable of independently solving a new and complex problem for which it has no predefined solution algorithm can likewise be considered conscious has to be tested,” point out the authors.