“Male pre-conception consumption of caffeinated beverages was just as strongly associated with pregnancy loss as females’,” Germaine Buck Louis, the director of Intramural Population Health Research at the National Institute of Child Health and Development and lead author on the study said. At the opposite, researchers found that women who took a daily multivitamin before and during pregnancy were less likely to have a miscarriage. Women who continued to take the multivitamin during early pregnancy had a 79 percent lower miscarriage risk, according to the study. The research report did not include information on decaffeinated drinks. As a final advice, couples may want to limit their caffeine intake to fewer than three daily beverages, and women should continue to to be advised to take daily multivitamins before and during pregnancy.