Ukraine had the highest rate of new HIV infections, with 37 per 100,000 people , far higher than any other country and a total of 15,680 people. It was followed by Belarus, with 26.1 cases per 100,000, Moldova with 20.6, and Latvia with 19. HIV damages the cells in the immune system and weakens the ability to fight infections and disease. HIV is virus spread through sexual contact, and also blood, that develops into AIDS with an average survival time of around nine years. 59% of the new cases are from heterosexual transmission according to data given by the patients.
„While efforts to prevent new HIV infections are gradually showing signs of progress, we are not on course to meet the 90–90–90 targets by the 2020 deadline,” Dr Zsuzsanna Jakab, WHO regional director for Europe, said. “One reason for the persistent HIV epidemic in Europe is that late diagnosis remains a challenge across the whole Region. […] Every second person diagnosed with HIV has already reached an advanced stage in the infection,” Dr Jakab added. A Sustainable Development Goal is to eliminate HIV – in Europe and worldwide – by 2030. An efficient vaccine it is a hope after a successful round of animal testing occurred. WHO chiefs urged governments to take more action over the virus. NHS chiefs warned HIV cases could explode due to dating apps such as Tinder leading to people having “riskier sex”.