It’s also supposed that such particles can get their way into the fetus. “We also know that the particles do not need to get into the baby’s body to have an adverse effect, because if they have an effect on the placenta, this will have a direct impact on the fetus,” Dr. Norrice Liu, a pediatrician and clinical research fellow at Queen Mary University in London who led the research, said in a statement. Infant mortality, premature birth and low birth weight can be the consequences.
Air pollution in a city
“It is clear that current regulatory air pollution levels are not sufficiently protecting pregnant women and their unborn babies and this needs to be urgently addressed by policy makers to improve public health,” a direct conclusion of the study was. A report published by UNICEF in December 2017 said almost 17 million babies under the age of one live in areas where pollution is at least six times higher than international limits. A „public health catastrophe” was anticipated. Particle pollution in the air is a major health issue worldwide. They include dust, dirt, soot, smoke, and liquid droplets. Those related to human activity include motor vehicle emissions, industrial processes (eg electricity generation, incinerators and stone crushing), unpaved roads and woodheaters. Some of them can even generate cancer.