Mycoplasma genitalium is a bacterium that can cause inflammation. Symptoms are often similar to those of chlamydia and gonorrhoea. That means watery discharge from the penis and burning, stinging or pain when urinating – in the men’s case – and pain during sex, bleeding after sex and pain in the pelvic area below the belly button, for women. MG does not always cause symptoms and will not always need treatment. MG is treated with antibiotics, but as until recently there has been no commercially available test, it has often been misdiagnosed as chlamydia and treated as such.
Eradication rates of MG following treatment with one family of antibiotics, called macrolides, are decreasing globally. Another antibiotic, azithromycin, still works in most cases. If practices do not change and the tests are not used, MG has the potential to become a superbug within a decade, resistant to standard antibiotics, experts said. At this time, as an example, about 2% of the British population have Mycoplasma genitalium. the best way to prevent MG is by using condoms. Even if you have a regular partner, it’s best to get tested at least once a year.