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The Vitamin B3 could have an important role to prevent birth defects

An important new medical discovery indicated that Vitamin B3 could help prevent birth defects. It’s about the administration pf an extra dose of Vitamin B3, which can help compensate for defects in the body’s ability to make a molecule, called nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD), which researchers have linked for the first time to healthy fetal development in humans.

The study at Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute in Sydney, Australia, initially started with a search for genes that can cause heart defects. After, the team found how some genetic mutations occur. Later, the role of  B3 supplements might have was discovered and tests were performed. It’s not yet the moment when doctors could recommend B3 supplements for pregnant women, says Matthew Vander Heiden, who studies the role of NAD in cancer biology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge. But a new direction for study was opened, trying to understand how cell metabolism affects development.

sources-of-b3
Some foods containing Vitamin B3

The researchers aren’t sure exactly how NAD levels affect development, because the molecule plays a key role in many different cell functions. At least 95 genes are involved in NAD levels in the body. Extra vitamin B3 in a mother’s diet might help compensate for any of the faulty genes, Sally Dunwoodie, an Australian developmental geneticist sustains.  At this time is considered that adding a bit of Vitamin B3 in diet can be helpful. Too much can cause dizziness, nausea and diarrhea. Niacin or Vitamin B3 is found in a variety of whole and processed foods: cooked skipjack tuna, cooked light meat turkey, cooked, lean ground pork, cooked venison, ground ginger, dried tarragon, dried, green sweet peppers, grilled portabella mushrooms,  dehydrated apricots, baked potato or in the common mixture of breakfast cereals.

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