An estimated 14 million women experience postpartum hemorrhage, and more than 100,000 die from it per year. Elected patients in the study received tranexamic acid (TXA) intravenously. The research team, co-led by the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine’s Ian Roberts, found that the risk of death from bleeding was reduced by 20 percent. If the medicine was given quickly, within three hours of the start of bleeding, the results were even more promising. TXA was discovered more than 50 years ago by a Japanese doctor, Utako Okamoto. It was under-appreciation for a long time. The World Health Organization has added it now to its list of essential medicines that should be available to everyone and that form the basis of national drug policy in countries across the world.