According the statutes of the Nobel Foundation “in no case may a prize amount be divided between more than three persons.” 207 individuals have been awarded in Physiology or Medicine between 1901-2014. To date, the youngest Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine is Frederick G. Banting, who was 32 years old when he was awarded the Medicine Prize in 1923. The oldest Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine to date is Peyton Rous, who was 87 years old when he was awarded the Medicine Prize in 1966. Of the 207 individuals awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, only 11 are women. This year Nobel winner Tu Youyou is a Chinese medical scientist, pharmaceutical chemist, and educator best known for discovering artemisinin (also known as Qinghaosu) and dihydroartemisinin, used to treat malaria, which saved millions of lives.