Berry-composed hits such as “Johnny B. Goode,” “Roll Over Beethoven,” “Sweet Little Sixteen,” “Maybellene” and “Memphis.” Berry refined and developed rhythm and blues into the major elements that made rock and roll distinctive He influenced Keith Richards, Paul McCartney, John Lennon and Bruce Springsteen. Beatles and the Rolling Stones, as well as the Beach Boys and scores of others acts – even Elvis – covered Berry’s songs. Berry marked his 90th birthday in 2016 by announcing he would release his first album in 38 year but he had more than 4,000 concert stages. Strange events occurred in his life. In January 1962 after he had transported a 14-year-old girl across state lines, he was sentenced to three years in prison for offenses under the Mann Act. In 1979 he served 120 days in prison for tax evasion.
Berry was among the first musicians to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on its opening in 1986 and is included in several of Rolling Stone magazine’s “greatest of all time” lists. Among the honors Berry has received are the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1984and the Kennedy Center Honors in 2000 Berry’s “Johnny B. Goode” is the only rock-and-roll song included on the Voyager Golden Record as a sample of the music from Earth.