The Nobel Prize 2020 for Literature has been awarded to the US poet Louise Gluck, one of America’s most celebrated poets, recognized for “her unmistakable poetic voice, that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal.” Her 12 collections of poetry are “characterised by a striving for clarity”, the chair of the Nobel prize committee, Anders Olsson, said. The award was announced at a news conference in Stockholm. Gluck, who is also professor of English at Yale University was born 1943 in New York and lives in Massachussets. She is only the 16th woman who received this prize since the Nobel prizes were first awarded in 1901.
Previously, Gluck won the Pulitzer Prize in 1993 for her collection The Wild Iris and the National Book Award in 2014. The Academy said her 2006 collection Averno was a “masterly collection, a visionary interpretation of the myth of Persephone’s descent into Hell in the captivity of Hades, the god of death”. Gluck will give her Nobel lecture in the United States because of coronavirus travel restrictions. The Nobel Prize in Literature, which is given for a writer’s entire body of work and is regarded as perhaps the world’s most prestigious literary award, comes with a prize of 10 million Swedish krona, or about $1.1 million.